A Healthy City is one that is continuously creating or improving their physical & social environments & expanding those community resources which enable people to mutually support each other in performing all the functions of life & in developing their maximum potential. (WHO 2011)
The World Health Organisation (WHO) oversees the designation of ‘Healthy Cities’. Cork joins the Irish cities of Belfast, Galway and Waterford, already designated.
To achieve this designation cities must demonstrate to the WHO that health is a core value for the city administration and that the vision, values and strategy for the city are translated into action for health through planning. ‘Healthy Cities’ celebrates and supports the evidence that health is influenced by where a person lives, their income, their level of education, their culture, and the accessibility of public services. Every ‘Healthy City’ is unique because needs and economic resources vary from one city to another.
Healthy Cities provides a framework for innovative and creative approaches to the promotion of public health.
The two basic premises of Healthy Cities are:
1. A comprehensive view of health and community issues, and
2. Commitment to the active promotion of a healthy community, rather than the “treatment” of problems.
The three core themes of Phase V Zagreb Declaration for Healthy Cities in the European Union are:
1. Caring and supportive environments
2. Healthy living
3. Healthy urban design